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tv   Beyond the Headlines  ABC  September 18, 2011 10:00am-10:30am PDT

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welcome to "beyond the headlines", i'm cheryl jennings. today we're talking about eating toys dis orders and the way they affect families across the bay area. they can cut across aaurl lines, sexuality and class and gender and they often remain a shameful secret. a new study shows on how prevalent among teens. 30 have action nor ex yeah and 160 engage in binge eating out of a thousand. the onset of age has dropped to 12. nearly all these patients say their social and family lives have been hurt. that study?
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the general journal of psychiatry. they warn that young people may not be getting the right treatment because of the shortcomings the way diagnosed. diagnosed. they say thousands of people that don't meet the criteria for anorexia has eating disorder otherwise not specified. these patients may not get the medical care they need and could suffer the same risk of heart failure and malnutrition as people about anorexia. joining me is two doctors leading the disorder program at lucille packard children's hospital. dr. james lock is a director and cynthia is the medical director. thank you for being with us here today. this is such an important issue for so many kids. let me start with you. can you tell us what anorexia and bulemia. >> anorexia is disorder of
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thinking, the drive to be thinner, way beyond what healthy. you reach very low weight for your height. it is disorder where you believe when you look in the mirror you see someone who is fat and you actually look skinny. you sometimes engage in purging behavior. it's drive to constantly thinner and thinner. regardless of the medical consequences. >> bulemia is part of that? >> it's normal weight, that person below a certain weight 85% of what you would be for your height normally and if you have binging and purging you have bulemia. purging behavior is anything trying to get rid of that food including overxev size, vomiting
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taking laxatives. >> it can be brutal? >> both harm the body. >> doctor, is there a genetic that some people may be predisposed to this? >> if you look at identical twins, they will more likely to get it. but there is host of environmental and social factors as well for eating disorders. >> what other part of environmental causes? >> there is a triggering mechanism for deciding to diet. most people that diet don't have an eating disorder. that is just the case and most don't have anorexia. they have to have a certain disposition, whether it's learned to drive beyond the normal values to engage in
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dangerous behavior. in anorexia they tend to be perfectionist and highly competitive and when they start dieting they do it with vengeance. it happens in all ages but most onset is in the early teenage years. very rarely is onset age is 25. bulemia is 16 to 17 years age. >> what happens to some of these people. >> typically it's very damaging. it's one of the things we get most is the bad effect on the heart. it can slow down and for some patients it can slow down and cause death. there are long-term effects on the bone health and big impact on the brain. majority of the brain is central
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part but it can attack the brain function, as well. >> and it effects other things. >> and cessation of menses you about you but it can impact bone health. >> so how do you get these young people to stop. where do you start? >> in the short term, we have a medical hospital where your heart rate and blood pressure has to be normalized because these become really unhealthy after severe. after that the most effective treatment for kids is really helping parents and family learn to manage this problem at home. we found that for a long time, like any psychiatric disorder parents were blamed for the
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disorder. they are blamed for autism but parents are incredible resource for kids if they are taught how to do it. so instilling parents who help their young teenagers to exercise and eat that is plow i have for them. that is most if i have. >> and what are some final thoughts on people that might have this, what would you recommend? >> first off, expressing what is going on to the family and trying to get help. see your pediatrician and advocating for themselves and making sure people are aware of the issues and people of all weight can be affected, it's more the behavior that can impact your health. >> thank you very much for your explanation. it's a very troubling illness. we have to take a quick break. coming up next, we'll meet a young woman who is sharing her
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just having some tender chicken and some tasty noodles. let's see...south western vegetables...60 calories. ya' know those jeans look nice. they do? yup. so you were checking me yup. out? [ male announcer ]rogresso. 40 soups 100 calories or less. being sent to the back of a freezer. and it's all because someone said "tacos." old el paso. when you gotta have mexican. welcome back, i'm cheryl jennings. we're talking about eating disorders and with me in the studio in regina cox, he is san
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francisco state student student and you disclose today me you had an eating disorder so tell me what it was like for you. >> it was right around the age of 16 or 17, i was very obsessed with my eating. i was constantly thinking about -- oh, my gosh i ate this much. i was constantly looking at myself in the mirror. i would overexercise and feel like i ate something that i gained it back. so i need to work out again. i went downhill. >> did you get sick from that? >> i started feeling very lonely i was away from my friends because he was dieting or working out. >> you didn't want to go eat a public? >> yeah. it became uncomfortable for me.
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i was very self-conscious. >> how obsessed with you about the food? >> i would eat, it would depend, it would eat a little bit of food. i shouldn't have any more than this because i'll get fat. or i would eat a lot of food and really feel bad about it. >> duvd wind up from the hospital with this? >> no, when i found out i, it was six months without a period. i was worried. they talked to a pediatrics and it looked like i had four or five symptoms of anorexia. my heart weight was low and my weight dropped a lot. i started losing some hair.
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i always been a perfectionist and i would always have a certain ideal of how my body should look like. >> on did you see something that made that you way? >> i think it was, looking at the movie stars i saw on television or i would read a lot of magazines like glamour and 17 at the time. >> your folks took you to the doctor and obviously there was something wrong, did you get into therapy? >> i did. i didn't want to have this. but then i would get involved in good therapy for other people that was going through the same thing as me, both male and female. i got more comfortable with it,
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to know there are other people suffering. luckily it was discovered at an early stage. >> before you got too sick how are you doing now? >> i'm doing a lot better. i have my days when i feel critical but now that is in my head. so i like stop it right away. i say come on, i'm fine. and i have better things, i'm a student at san francisco state so i need that food to keep me focused and healthy and i feel better. and i have to make sure i'm getting the protein i need, as well. >> how about young people that are seeing you, what would you tell them to do if they have the same problem? >> i would tell them get some help right away, see a doctor or
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an elder person. don't wait and don't hesitate. you need help early to cure it. >> thank you very much. i appreciated it. >> we're going to take a break and come right back. please stay with us. ab ♪ we were skipping stones and letting go ♪ ♪ over the river and down the road ♪
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welcome back. i'm cheryl jennings. today we're talking about eating disorders and how they affect each of us. have you ever joked about being addicted to junk food. according to research, binging on high quality junk food affects your brain the same way as drug addiction. a study of rats confirmed that binge eating junk food leads to similar habits. and it eventually crashes and
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that requires a higher dose to achieve the same level of pleasure the next time. that study is published in journal of neuroscience. here with me, eating disorders resource center is dr. christine pappas and joelle maletis. why people develop eating disorders and it's very complicated. >> yes, it's about the food and it's not about the food in the sense that the eating disorder can be profound complicated mechanism, dealing with grief, dealing with stress or trauma. when i work with individuals, eegt in how it started and what may have been happening at that point in their life. so the coping mechanism plays a role, increased anxiety or loss
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and grief. focus depends on exercise, and purging and just playing the role but they are helping it but they really zblrnt this is going to o all the time. >> right, absolutely. so part of it is dealing with misconceptions that people have anorexia only. it's just single facet being addicted to food. there are so many things and so complex. >> when it comes to treatment what the first thing they come in for and has a misconception? >> it depends on the person. there are so many factors that are involved with this. whether it's medical, there is mental illness factors going on, other addictions, and so people come in with the idea that you
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can just fix it and it going away quickly. ten-week process, just eat and everything will be better when the reality it's such a complex problem. you have to really address things and it's long term and being mindful and continuing to move into awareness. >> how do you know when it becomes an eating disorder? >> everybody is so different. but oftentimes sudden disorders came about but in fact it has a history and can start and fully emerging. gradually lost and all of a sudden a family member or loved one realizes there is a problem here. i would say what often happens the person has a difficult time functioning going to school,
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going to work. maybe, it's definitely something that a person has difficulty functioning and eating disorder becomes all encompassing. what they actually need a team to help support them through the process of healing. >> something about the process. >> it was resource a wiarnts advocacy problem that provides education, support for families and patients, clients, loved ones, friends, siblings. it's really all encompassing free program. it started in 2006. just to be there to answer questions, a lot of times that is the resources that people
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need and families need and friends need when they are in trenches and they are not sure how to cope. they need to meet other people and have ongoing support. >> how about insurance. you said this is free but somebody has to pay something. >> exactly. the treatment program, cbsc and with insurance, programs to make sure the insurance company will pay for the programs. it may be several trips to the insurance to some of the programs run all day and treatment is provided, provided therapy and medical as well as psychiatric. >> it is very broad. one of the things is edrc.
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they will bring in specialists to talk to, about how to maneuver the insurance company and it's very difficult when you get into democratss and what is covered. its long-term process. >> we're going to put information about this program on our website. thank you so much. >> thank you. >> we do 0 to take a break. when we come back we'll hear about a local program. don't go away. we'll be right back. can lulu have some beef pasta, too? -here you go, lulu. -hey?! you had an imaginary friend once, too. she's full. [ female announcer ] hamburger helper beef pasta. helpers. forty dishes, all delicious. gives us the most nutritious of gifts. but only when they are ready to be given.
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a swap a day adds up to amazing. now you caadd some crunch to your creamy. yoplait light with granola. try it today. and these are the ones you'll love as dinner. grandsmini pizzas. grands! biscuit dough... plus 3 ingredients make an easy dinner everyone loves. grands! mini pizzas... from pillsbury. should we order panda blossom, panda moon... how about chinese at home with wanchai ferry? you can make it in just 14 minutes. mmmh, orange chicken. great. i didn't feel like going out anyway. [ male announcer ] wanchai ferry. restaurant quality chinese in your grocer's freezer. welcome back. we've been talking about the impact of eating disorders. body positive is a local based program that trying to educate people all over the country about new ways to view our weight and seeking an identity.
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elisabeth scott is joining us. i know you have many years as a psychotherapist but are based in berkeley. >> body positive is based in berkeley and to year psychotherapy program in marin county. >> body positive institute for treating individuals and groups and families. we will have lectures and day long workshops every month. >> this problem is getting bigger and bigger? >> it seems to devote all my effort. 50 my co-founder she had suffered a eating disorder. i had been working in psychotherapy for treatment and we shared a passion to transform the world before our daughters grew up. we have really worked to start a powerful momentum of women and
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girls that fighting dieting disorders and learning the skills necessary to listen to the wisdom of our own bodies what we are hungry for and when. simple signals, hunger we can learn to be atune to. when you listen to, you start to know a lot about what you know about a lot of things, about your purpose in life and what you want to express. >> you have some pictures of some of the young women in your support group. and dealing with the medical aspect of it. >> we do provide treatment but whole continuum of care, all the way through to getting people involved in activism to change the environment they live in. i change, health model and concrete skills and strategies to really turn around the way you think about food and the way you think about yourself and
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exercise and build communities with other women and girls wherever you are. that love is guides you in deciding how to take care of your body. >> how do you get that message across for people that can't get out of it? >> we start by modeling it. i teach parents to do that. if you have conflicts about your own food and body, you can start a revolution with your own daughter where i start talking about yourself in different ways and conceptualize beauty, start with yourself and start looking for beauty in the diverse sizes and shapes that humans come in. being creative, you can transform it right from the beginning in the family. >> in other words, don't use that model on tv or that movie star? >> we're not trying to change the whole media, because i'm too tired to the move the beach with
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a teaspoon. but i can teach girls to think critically about the messages. and make them feel creative and alive and ready to serve. >> what kind of response are you getting from the young women and other people? >> i love the women that i work with. my job is such a pleasure because since we've been doing this for 15 years we have girls that are finishing master's degrees that were in our programs. they are unstoppable force. i just got a letter from a girl i hadn't talked to in ten years, she is epidemiologist now. i can't save the whole work but i make them preoccupied basic developmental skills of feeding themselves, they can move quickly beyond that if they learn the skills. teens they are tribal people.
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>> thank you so much. thank you for what you are doing. >> my pleasure. >> great success with that program. unfortunately we are out of time. thanks to all of our guests. that is it for this edition. for information is available on our website at go to community affairs. i'm cheryl jennings. i'm cheryl jennings. anks for joining us. it's a new totino's pizza stuffer. [ male announcer ] give your kids the new totino's pizza stuffers. new, minimum mess, maximum fun! you want that?
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you want a warm, super-delicious strawberry toaster strudel yeah but now i have nothing to eat sureou do. hey! you can have the pop tart! pillsbury toaster strudel. the one kids want to eat >> want to find fun stuff to do all over the bay area? i'll tell you how. stick around! welcome to where great deals never expire and your satisfaction is one hundred percent guaranteed. viewpons are viewable coupons


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